Evolution of the Doberman Pinscher
With its uncluttered look and symmetrical outline, the Doberman Pinscher is uniquely a product of the 20th Century. Its short shiny coat, clipped ears and tail, superb structure and iron musculature, give the Doberman a powerful yet trim appearance that is modern as tomorrow.
Outwardly simple, but inwardly complex, it is a mixture of many breeds, combining the fire and lightning reactions of the terrier with the power and intelligence of the guard and herding breeds. The Doberman was tailored for use in police and military work, and, to be a medium sized protector/companion in the home.
The Doberman Pinscher was developed near the end of the 19th century by Louis Dobermann of Thuringen, Germany. Dobermann was a tax collector and frequently had to travel through crime-ridden areas during the course of his work. He needed a loyal guarding companion capable of handling a myriad of situations. Thus he set out to create a new breed that, in his opinion, would be the perfect combination of strength, loyalty, intelligence, and ferocity. Dobermann was believed to combine a variety of breeds. Those believed to be included: the German Pinscher, Old German Shepherd, Weimaraner, and Black and Tan Manchester Terrier.
By 1900, the Doberman Pinscher had evolved into a dog very similar to what we see today, though future breeding of the dog would continue to eliminate “roundness” and accentuate the breed’s swift lines.
The first Doberman Pinschers were brought to the United States in 1908 and recognized by the American Kennel Club the very same year. During the first part of the 20th century, the Doberman was used with great success in Europe and America as a police and war dog. In these areas, the dog’s sharp intelligence, powerful jaws and muscles, and its eagerness to obey won it many followers.
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